过渡

What is 过渡?

All students leave school to create their adult lives. "过渡" describes that critical transformation, and includes the 教育, legal information, 规划, and community connections our special 教育 students need in order to achieve those adult goals.

的 transition process prepares students with disabilities for adult life by focusing on the specific areas of post-secondary 教育, 就业, community participation, and when appropriate, independent living skills.

What are 过渡 Services?

过渡 services are intended to be a coordinated set of activities, provided by the school and, 在必要的时候, community agencies, to students with disabilities to promote successful movement from high school to adult life. 

过渡 services are part of a results oriented process that is focused on improving both the functional and academic needs of a child with a disability.

When Does 过渡 Planning Begin?

Federal rules and regulations require that transition 规划 for students with disabilities begin no later than the first IEP to be in effect when the child is 16, and updated annually thereafter.  然而, it is considered best practice to begin transition 规划 as early as when a student is 14, and in some cases earlier, as they begin to transition from the middle school to the high school.

Who is Involved in the 过渡 Planning Process?

过渡 Services and measurable post-secondary goals leading to a student’s post-secondary vision, must be identified in a student’s Individualized Education Plan (IEP) , beginning with the first IEP in effect when the student turns 16.  因此, IEP小组, including the student, 父母, 老师, and when appropriate outside agencies, are involved in transition 规划.  Student and parent participation are integral to the success of achieving positive transition outcomes.

 It is important to keep in mind that transition 规划 should not necessarily be limited to the IEP Team, rather it is a partnership involving students with disabilities, 他们的家庭, school and post-school service personnel, local community representatives, 雇主, and other invested stakeholders. Successful transition requires collaboration of many individuals and agencies.  然而, consent to invite outside agencies must be obtained from the parent and/or the student, if they have reached the age of majority, prior to inviting community agency members to the IEP meeting.

What Does 过渡 Planning Include?

过渡 规划 includes the development of appropriate measurable post-secondary goals based upon age appropriate assessments related to training, 教育, 就业, and where appropriate, independent living skills. 的se goals should reflect the student’s strengths, preferences, and 利益. In determining such goals, IEP小组 (including the student) must determine what instruction and 教育al experiences will help prepare the student for a successful transition from secondary 教育 to post-secondary life.  Age appropriate transition assessments might include such things as interest inventories and other assessments that can help identify an individual’s strengths, 利益, 和偏好.

 In addition to appropriate measurable post-secondary goals, there must be development of a statement of the transition services (including course of study) that are needed to assist the student in reaching those goals.  的 statement of transition services should relate directly to the students post-secondary goals.

What is the Age of Majority?

Under Michigan law a child reaches adulthood upon their eighteenth (18th)的生日.  When they turn age 18, all 教育al decision making rights their 父母(s)/guardian(s) have, will transfer to the child. 

的 school district must discuss the impact of the transfer of rights at least one year before the student’s 18th birthday, with the student and parent(s)/guardian(s).  For some students, a court may appoint a legal guardian that will continue to have authority to make decisions about their 教育al program.  In this case, 教育al decision making will not be transferred.

Student Rights Handbook serves as notice to the student and parent(s)/guardian(s) regarding the transfer of rights.  When the student turns age 17, they and their parent(s)/guardian(s) must receive notice that rights will transfer when the student turns 18.  When the student turns 18, they and their parent(s)/guardian(s) must receive another notice that their rights have transferred.  Notice of this transfer of rights will also be given in the IEP paperwork.

What Happens Upon Completion of School?

For a student whose eligibility for school is ending due to graduation or age, a local 教育 agency shall provide the child with a summary of the child’s academic achievement and functional performance, which shall include recommendations on how to assist the student in meeting the their postsecondary goals.  This is known as the Summary of performance.

联系人

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保罗Dymowski

Director of 中心项目
电话: 616.363.8102